Pajamas or pyjamas, usually shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few related varieties of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but occasionally also for lounging,[2] also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for the two daywear and nightwear, derived from classic pajamas and involving versions of fashion and content.

The phrase pyjama [4] was borrowed c. 1800 from your Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[5][6] The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans during East India Business rule in India.[seven][eight]

The worldwide use of pajamas (the term as well as garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India from the 18th and nineteenth hundreds of years, along with the British influence on the wider Western world throughout the Victorian era. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they soon fell outside of vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the primary fifty percent in the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a vogue in Britain along with the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[9]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This kind of garment is employed by different individuals in India e.g. by women of assorted courses, by Sikh Guys, and many by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It had been adopted in the Mohammedans by Europeans being an report of dishabille and of night apparel, and is also synonymous with Lengthy Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is possible that we English took the routine like a fantastic a lot of Other people within the Portuguese. Consequently Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently Employed in London stores. A friend furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty a long time back, in reply to an issue zenske pidzame why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is because of the White Ants."[ten]


Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of delicate cloth, including flannel or light-weight cotton.[11] The jacket ingredient typically has a placket entrance and its sleeves haven't any cuffs.[12] Lots of individuals choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Due to this, pajama pants for guys and boys are often offered as separates.

In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[13] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.

Some pajamas feature a drop seat (generally known as a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats were being very common on pajamas created ahead of the 1950s, but inside the early 20-first century They may be somewhat rare.

Modern day pajamas are derived from common pajamas. There are numerous versions in design and style like quick sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different length,[16] or, once in a while, a person-piece pajamas,[17] and pajamas incorporating numerous resources. Mainly during the US, extend-knit sleep apparel with rib-knit trimmings are frequent. Commonly worn by small children, these clothes often have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.

While pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes such as nightgowns, within the US, they've got often involved the latter for a major. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a kind of brief dress leading above shorts or quick zenske pidzame pants.[18]

Pajamas could nowadays confer with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US the place they grew to become common from the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight pants. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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